Generalize or Die: Operating Systems Support for Memristor-based Accelerators

Date and time: 
Monday, June 18, 2018 - 15:00
Location: 
220 Deschutes
Author(s):
Dejan Milojicic
Hewlett Packard Labs
Host/Committee: 
  • Joe Sventek

The deceleration of transistor feature size scaling has motivated growing adoption of specialized accelerators implemented as GPUs, FPGAs, ASICs, and more recently new types of computing such as neuromorphic, bio-inspired, ultra-low energy, reversible, stochastic, optical, quantum, combinations, and others unforeseen. There is a tension between specialization and generalization, with the current state trending to master-slave models where accelerators (slaves) are instructed by a general purpose system (master) running an Operating System (OS). Traditionally, an OS is a layer between hardware and applications and its primary function is to manage hardware resources and provide a common abstraction to applications. Does this function, however, apply to new types of computing paradigms?

This talk revisits OS functionality for memristor-based accelerators. We explore one accelerator implementation, the Dot Product Engine (DPE), for a select pattern of applications in machine learning, imaging, and scientific computing and a small set of use cases. We explore typical OS functionality, such as reconfiguration, partitioning, security, virtualization, and programming. We also explore new types of functionality, such as precision and trustworthiness of reconfiguration. We claim that making an accelerator, such as the DPE, more general will result in broader adoption and better utilization.

 

Biography

Dejan is a distinguished technologist at Hewlett Packard Labs, Palo Alto, CA [1998-]. His areas of technical expertise include operating systems, distributed systems, and systems management. He worked in the OSF Research Institute, Cambridge, MA [1994-1998] and Institute “Mihajlo Pupin”, Belgrade, Serbia [1983-1991]. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Kaiserslautern, Germany (1993); and MSc/BSc from Belgrade University, Serbia (1983/86). Dejan was a managing director of the Open Cirrus Cloud Computing testbed (2007-2011), with the academic and industrial sites in the US (6), Europe (3), and Asia (6). Dejan has published over 170 papers and 2 books; he has 25 granted patents and over 50 patent applications. Dejan is an IEEE Fellow (2010), ACM Distinguished Engineer (2008), and USENIX member. He was president of IEEE Computer Society and is currently on IEEE Board. He has been on many conference program committees and journal editorial boards. He started three conferences (IEEE ASAP; USENIX WIESS; IEEE Infrastructure).

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